Oct 13, 2012

Indonesian Philosophy among the World’s Crises




By Marsigit
Since the crisis, began in February 1998 and to be continues in 2008 as massive layoffs and the collapse of the country's multi dimensional aspects; there are a great euphoria of all the nations components, independent organizations of the workers, peasants, students, intellectuals or any other sector of the masses, to reflect the


past and the present and expect of the future life. It of course, including to reflect the role of Indonesian philosophy “Pancasila” as the ideology of the nation. As it was stated in preamble, the 1945 constitution sets forth the Indonesian philosophy as the embodiment of basic principles of an independent Indonesian state. Indonesian philosophy consists of two Sanskrit words." Panca "meaning five, and " Sila " meaning principle. It comprises five inseparable and interrelated principles. They are: Belief in the One and Only God ; Just and Civilized Humanity ; The Unity of Indonesia ; Democracy Guided by the Inner Wisdom in the Unanimity Arising Out of Deliberations Amongst Representatives, and Social Justice for all Indonesian people.
Kaelan, 2002, in his “Pancasila” elaborated that the first principle of Indonesian philosophy cannot be separated from the value of religious in Indonesia due to the fact that Indonesian philosophy is not only such kind of contemplation but also a philosophical and political consensus. Indonesian philosophy is the resources of the value for running the country; therefore, the essence of first principle of Indonesian philosophy, which is characterized as abstract and universal, should meet with the operational, moral and legal aspects of the nations. For Indonesian people, God is understood not only as the Supreme Being but also a the creator of the cosmos, he must also be understood as a supernatural being and as a supernatural cause; God created man in his own image by giving human beings immaterial intellects and, with that, also free will is a further indication that in the course of human affairs the totally unpredictable is present.
This principle requires that human beings be treated with due regard to their dignity as God's creatures; it emphasizes that the Indonesian people do not tolerate physical or spiritual oppression of human beings by their own people or by any other nations. It is that they are all human, all members of one species, called *Homo sapiens*, and all having the same natural and thereby the same specific attributes that differentiate them from the members of all other species. In all other respects, any two human beings may be found unequal, one having more of a certain human attribute than another, either as the result of native endowment or of individual attainment; however, this second principle taught that (1) that all human beings are equal in respect of their common humanity, and (2) that all human beings are also unequal, one with another, in a wide variety of respects in which they differ as individual members of the human species.
Kaelan, 2002, noted that Indonesian philosophy develops “monodualism democracy” in which people make decision-making through deliberations, or musyawarah, to reach a consensus, or mufakat; the democracy that right must always be exercised with a deep sense of responsibility to God Almighty according to ones own conviction and religious belief with respect for humanitarian values of man's dignity and integrity, and with a view to preserving and strengthening national unity and the pursuit of social justice. He also stated that this fourth principle of Indonesian philosophy consists of three aspects of philosophical ideal: political democracy, socio-economical democracy and reaching the concencus.
This principle of social justice means for the equitable spread of welfare to the entire population, not in a static but in a dynamic and progressive way. This means that all the country's natural resources and the national potentials should be utilized for the greatest possible good and happiness of the people. Social justice implies protection of the weak. But protection should not deny them work. On the contrary, they should work according to their abilities and fields of activity. Protection should prevent willful treatment by the strong and ensure the rule of justice. These are the sacred values of Indonesian philosophy which, as a cultural principle should always be respected by every Indonesian because it is now the ideology of the state and the life philosophy of the Indonesian people. Amidst the world’s crises it may useful for Indonesian people to reflects their contemporary life in order to do the best in the future.
REFERENCE
Kaelan, 2002, “Filsafat Indonesian philosophy: Pandangan Hidup Bangsa Indonesia”, Yogyakarta: Paradigma

4 comments:

  1. Uswatun Hasanah
    17701251022
    S2 PEP B

    Bangsa Indonesia begitu menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai keagamaan, sosial-ekonomi, dan kemanusiaan yang mana dirumuskan dalam "Pancasila". Saya bangga dengan para tokoh pejuang bangsa ini yang memikirkan dan merumuskan nilai-nilai yang begitu agung. Sudah sepatutnya pula bagi kita menghargai jasa para pahlawan atau sangat erat kaitannya dengan semboyan yang satu ini Jangan sekali-sekali meninggalkan sejarah, disingkat dengan "Jasmerah". Semoga Pancasila dapat direfleksikan kembali untuk para rakyat, generasi penerus, ilmuwan dan jajaran pemerintahan saat berada pada era globalisasi sekarang ini. Esensi dari Pancasila tersebut yang bersifat abstrak dan universal begitu dapat memberikan penyatuan dalam beragam suku, budaya, agama dan sebagainya yang ada di Indonesia. Indonesia itu sangat unik dan kaya akan budaya serta alamnya. Sungguh, Indonesia sangat diberkati dan terlimpah kasih sayang Tuhan di negeri ini. Ini terbukti dari adanya proklamasi kemerdekaan oleh Presiden Ir. Soekarno sebagai presiden pertama negara Indonesia. Berharap Indonesia terus semakin maju dan memegang nilai-nilai luhur atau Pancasila. Terimakasih kepada Bapak Prof. Marsigit yang telah mengingatkan saya untuk tetap menanamkan dan merefleksikan nilai-nilai luhur Pancasila dalam berbagai lingkup kehidupan.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Nama : Habibullah
    NIM : 17709251030
    Kelas : PM B (S2)

    Assalamualaikum wr.wb

    Sesuai dengan pendapat Kaelan bahwa filsafat Indonesia mengembangkan "demokrasi monodualisme". Pandangan filsafat ini sangat bagus untuk selalu dikembangkan di dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat, karena mengajarkan kita bahwa keputusan yang baik adalah jika diperoleh dari hasil musyawarah, kalau bagi kita sebagai seorang mahasiswa dan sebagai pemuda bangsa Indonesia yang mempunyai budaya kesopanan yang tinggi, aliran ini tidak hanya dapat diterapkan dalam kelompok masyarakat besar namun juga dapat kita terapkan di dalam kelompok kecil seperti di dalam keluarga. Misalanya jika kita mengalami kesulitan dalam memutuskan suatu perkara maka ada baiknya kita meminta pendapat dan pandangan dari kedua orang tua agar apa yang kita putuskan merupakan suatu kebaikan bagi diri kita. Dan yang terpenting dari semua itu adalah kita harus selalu menjadikan pancasila dan UUD 1945 sebagai suatu fondamen kehidupan dengan berlandaskan kepada ketuhanan yang maha Esa.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Latifah Pertamawati
    S2 PM B
    17709251026

    Bismillaah..
    Pancasila is the ideology of Indonesia. It is what makes Indonesia, "Indonesia". It is a uniquely different ideology that doesn't exist there in other countries. It is full of values, and explicitly recognising God's existence above all of the elements. So, it is not about material things, but it is mostly about the values that keep us bond as Indonesian citizens.

    Pancasila is supposed to be the general rule for Indonesian people in living their lives. As a good citizen of Indonesia, we must uphold it in our every day life. The Pancasila is then derived into the economic, politic and society aspects of Indonesia. If there are liberalist and socialist economy theories outside, there is "Ekonomi Pancasila" which is based on Pancasila. Its democracy too, is called "Demokrasi Pancasila" which is based on Pancasila. This is enough to say that Pancasila can make us unique compared to another countries. It can protect us from the world's crises full of the conception of material things without being able to derive morality and values of us as God's best creatures.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Nama: Hendrawansyah
    NIM: 17701251030
    S2 PEP 2017 Kelas B

    Assalamualaikum wr wb

    Saya pernah menonton tentang kisah atau tragedi 1998.Betapa guncangnya situasi Indonesia pada saat itu.Rombak riuh keadaan kala itu membuat indoneasia berada dalam kegaduhan.

    Indonesia yang penuh dengan multikultural baik budaya, ras, golongan ,suku,bangsa dan bahasa di ikat oleh satu jiwa yang disebut sebagai falsafah Negara yaitu Pancasila dan Undang-undang Dasar 1945.Semuanya melebur menjadi satu yaitu NKRI .Di dalamnya ada filosofi cinta yang dapat merekatkan yang renggang dan mendekatkan yang jauh.Menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai persatuan dan menjaga keutuhan bangsa.Saling menghargai satu sama lain.Andaikan itu dapat terangkai tentu akan menciptakan harmoni yang indah di dalam kehidupan.

    Saya sering mendengarkan tuturan dari orang-orang Indonesia ketika menyanyikan lagu kebangsaan kita “Indonesia Raya” di luar negeri mereka menangis.Ketika ditanya mengapa menangis?mereka hanya diam terpaku dan susah mengungkapkannya karena rasa haru dan bangga.Dalam postingan ini ada hikmah yang dapat kita renungkan salah satunya menciptkan jiwa nasionalisme sebagaimana yang menjadi tujuan falsafah Negara.Semoga Indonesia tetap berkibar dan jaya selalu.Aminn.

    ReplyDelete