Feb 12, 2013

The Nature of Teaching Learning Resources

By Marsigit
Yogyakarta State University

John Munchak (2004) indicated that in order to provide lessons that are both engaging and challenging to each individual, it is necessary to know the students as people. Each individual will come to my class with their own set of abilities, motivations, attitudes, goals, and cultural background. Further he stated the following:

“Getting to know these various facets of my students will allow me to excel as a teacher because I can tap into their talents, resources, and knowledge to make the classroom more interesting, dynamic, and personal. Establishing a familiar bond and some trust between me and the students, as well as among the students themselves, contributes to a safe and caring learning environment. Learning their interests, the activities they enjoy, their academic strengths and weaknesses, their future plans and motivations informs how I will teach each individual. This personal information is important in order to differentiate learning in a classroom with students of various levels of motivation, career goals, and academic abilities. Caring for my students means I will "honor their humanity, hold them in high esteem, expect high performance from them, and use strategies to fulfill their expectations"

Related to the resources of teaching, Ernest (1991) suggested that due to the learning should be active, varied, socially engaged and self-regulating, the theory of resources has three main components :
(1)the provision of a wide variety of practical resources to facilitate the varied and active teaching approaches;
(2)the provision of authentic material, such as newspaper, official statistics, and so on for socially relevant and socially engaged study and investigation; and
(3) the facilitation of student self-regulated control and access to learning resources.

The nature of teaching learning resources can be perceived differently by different doer of teaching practice in their context of society; and they are closely related to their ideology and philosophy of education. The map created by Paul Ernest indicated how different perception of the nature of teaching learning resources as an implication of its ideology of teaching. The perception stretches from just to have chalk and paper, teaching aids, students' creativity, teachers' creativity, schools' environment, and its whole society.

........., 2009, Nature of the Students, Going to a public school, New South Wales,
Department of Education and Training. Retrieved 2009

Brown, T., 1997, Mathematics Education and Language: Interpreting Hermeneutics and
Post-Structuralism. Kluwer Academic Publisher: Dordrecht

Cockroft, H. W., 1982, Mathematics counts : Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Teaching of Mathematics in School under the Chairmanship of Dr. W H Cockroft, London : Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Ebbutt, S. and Straker, A., 1995, Mathematics in Primary Schools Part I: Children and Mathematics. Collins Educational Publisher Ltd.: London

Ernest, P., 1994, Mathematics, Education and Philosophy: An International Perspective. The Falmer Press: London.

Ernest, P., 2002, What Is The Philosophy Of Mathematics Education?
Paul Ernest University of Exeter, United Kingdom. Retrieved

Ernest, P., 2007, Mathematics Education Ideologies And Globalization. Retrieved

Fullan, M., 2002, Leading and Learning for the 21stC Vol 1 No. 3 - January 2002

Furlong, J., 2002, Ideology and Reform in Teacher Education in England:
Some Reflections on Cochran-Smith and Fries. Retrieved

Glenn, A., 2009, Philosophy of Teaching and Learning "Your job as a teacher is to make every single student feel like a winner”. Retrieved

Grouws, A. D. and Cooney, J. T., 1988, Effective Mathematics Teaching : Volume 1, Virginia : The NCTM, Inc.

Hartman, 1945, Validity Studies Of The Hartman Profile Model, Ai, Axiometrics
International, Inc. Retrieved 2007< http://www.google.com>

Jaworski, B., 1994, Investigating Mathematics Teaching : A Constructivist Enquiry, London : The Falmer Press.

Orton, A. and Wain, G., 1994, Issues in Teaching Mathematics, London : Cassell.
Runes, D.D.,1942, Dictionary of Philosophy. Retrieved 2007

Swanson, R.A. and Holton III, E.F., 2009, Foundation of Human Resources Development
: Second Edition, Berrett-Kohler Publisher Inc.

1 comment:

  1. Fevi Rahmawati Suwanto
    PMat A / S2

    Saya setuju dengan pendapat John Munchak di atas bahwa dalam memberikan pelajaran yang baik, menarik dan menantang untuk setiap individu, maka perlu untuk mengetahui siswa sebagai manusia. Megapa demikian? Karena pada dasarnya setiap manusia memiliki keunikannya masing-masing, memiliki kemampuan, bakat, motivasi, sikap, tujuan, dan latar belakang budaya yang berbeda satu dengan lainnya. Dengan mengetahui ataupun memahami karakteristik setiap siswa tersebut, kita bisa mempertimbangkan untuk memberikan pembelajaran yang seperti apa yang cocok untuknya. Dengan penyesuaian tersebut, maka tentu saja pembelajaran yang tercipta akan lebih menarik dan menantang baginya sekaligus memungkinkan juga guru yang menerapkan hal demikian menjadi lebih unggul dari guru yang lainnya.


Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.